Éthique avancée : sur la pauvreté

Notre expérience d’enseignement à l’université nous a permis de développer un cours d’éthique avancée sur la pauvreté en anglais sur 16 semaines (un semestre).

WeekTopicHistorical periodStudy philosophersThink critically
Week 1:
Introduction to the problem
 Subject:
« Who am I? »
 Ancient
Ethics
Introduction to the problem What does poverty mean for me ?
Week 2:
Poverty in the sense of economic poverty
 Tocqueville, Alexis de,
Memoir on Pauperism

Marx, Karl,
The Poverty of Philosophy
What does it mean to be poor? 
Week 3:
Poverty
cannot be
restricted only
to economic
poverty
Hobbes, Thomas,
Leviathan

Townsend, Peter,
Poverty in the United Kingdom 
 Are all inequalities unjust ?
Week 4:
Poverty is relative to its
context
 Simmel, George,
The Poor

Ravaillon, Martin,
On Measuring Global Poverty
 Do all inequalities matter politically?
Week 5:
The notion of
“necessary” or “minimum required.”
 Culture:
« Who are we? »
 Medieval
Ethics
 Maslow, Abraham,
A Theory of Human Motivation

Sen, Amartya,
Development as Capability Expansion
 What does it mean to be wealthy?
Week 6:
The
rich
and the
poor.
 Kant, Immanuel,
Idea for a Universal History from a Cosmopolitan Perspective

Friedman, Milton,
New River Media Interview
Do the wealthiest have the duty to help the poorest? 
Week 7:
Overcoming
survival
to be able to live
decently.
 Lewis, Oscar,
Culture of Poverty

Singer, Peter, (https://www.nytimes.com/1999/09/05/magazine/the-singer-solution-to-world-poverty.html)
 Is property a right? 
Week 8:
The responsibility
of
poverty.
 Chrysostom, John,
On Wealth and Poverty

Hayek, Friedrich,
The Essential
Should we seek simplicity? 
Week 9:
Required conditions to be able to choose
poverty
 Reason and Real:
« What can we know? »
 Modern
Ethics
 Maimonides, Moses,
Mishneh Torah

Leo XIII,
Rerum Novarum
Is poverty a fatality? 
Week 10:
The
unnecessary
as an
obstacle
to the
perfect life.
 Epicurus,
Letter To Menoeceus

Bible,
Lazarus and the Rich Man
Does poverty lead to virtue?
Week 11:
The cost
of
happiness.
 Bible,
The Rich Young Man

Athanasius,
The Life of St Anthony
Is it true that freedom is not free?
Week 12:
The
movement
of
metanoia.
 Franciscan Rule

Athanasius,
The Life of St Anthony
  On what does happiness depend?
Week 13:
The
fruits
of an ascetic
life.
 Politics:
« How to live together? »
 Contemporary
Ethics
 Epictetus,
The Encheiridion (Manual)

Saint Augustine,
Confession
 Is there a right to happiness?
Week 14:
Concretely
Addressing Poverty to make the
Ethical
Choice of Poverty Possible (I)
 The right to non-poverty
The poor next door, my “neighbor”
Poverty within the USA and Global Poverty
 What can we do? The problem of collective responsibility.
Week 15:
Concretely
Addressing Poverty to make the
Ethical
Choice of Poverty Possible (II)
 State Measures
Private Measures
Personal actions
What can I do? The problem of personal responsibility. 
Week 16:
Can you think critically about a hot topic?
 Hot TopicIs the poor responsible for being poor?